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        HORTICULTURE

2016-17 Horticulture Workshops/Tours

  

Horticulture Workshops
The Horticulture Division holds monthly horticulture-related workshops during the Garden Club year. 
Please click on the above schedule and also check our Calendar for any updates as arrangements can change.


Container Gardening Workshop in Susan Conyers' garden
Friday May 20th, 2016

Susan Conyers' talent is immediately apparent when setting foot in her garden bedecked with flowers and greenery in the most beautiful pots, and masterfully situated.  Susan advised on the many advantages of growing flowers in pots, and how to help them thrive.  A most enjoyable morning was had by all!

 


Horticulture Outing: Steven Antonition's Orchid House

On April 22nd Garden Club members were treated to an impressive display of orchid plants in Steven Antonition's orchid house. Steven, who won Best Orchid In Show at the recent Agricultural Show, with impressive ingenuity made a purpose-built orchid house using wood and old windows (including Bermuda cedar windows at right of photo below) showing how recycled material could become a useful, delightfully quirky and ingenious way to house his hundreds of orchid plants; his interest having been piqued by his wife's present of three orchids some years ago.  Despite his obvious successes in this field, Stephen made us aware that owing to the huge variety of orchids available from around the world and from many different climes, orchid growing is not a 'one size fits all', and requires individual attention according to growing requirements.  Judging by the number of orchids on display, Steven has obviously mastered the complex but very rewarding art of orchid growing!


Steven Antonition's purpose built orchid house

.....and inside....

 


    
Left: Steven Antonition.  Right: At Stephen's Orchid House Front Door - icons of Bermuda gardens:
The Whistling Tree Frog, and Shark Oil - long considered by Bermudians as an accurate way to forecast the weather. 
 We had a beautiful Spring day for our visit, reflected in the clear top oil, which becomes cloudy when there is bad weather on the way!


The Bermuda Herbs and Plants Tour conducted by Doreen Williams 18th March 2016

For information and photos of the Bermuda herbs on our tour, click here

 

Group participants enjoyed the most informative tour

Doreen Williams traditionally starts the tour by blowing her conch shell


A tasting after the tour: Prickly Pear sorbet, Prickly Pear cookies,
Nasturtium Soup and Nasturtium crispy chips


Horticultural Workshop at Amaral's Farm Feb 19th 2016

......an inspiring talk for all gardeners!


Rose Pruning and Propagating Workshop Wednesday, February 10th 2016 given by Peter Carpenter


 


By kind permission of Lisa Greene at the Department of Conservation Services :

Bermuda Honey Plants
List of Plants that attract Birds
Host plants for butterflies and their caterpillars
 


 

Herbs

For information and photos of some of Bermuda's herbs click here
 

We are fortunate in Bermuda to be able to grow all of the following herbs
which in some cases have powerful medicinal value

(Information also courtesy of Organic Gardening online magazine)

 Besides adding another dimension to your cooking, freshly harvested herbs can soothe dozens of common health problems, and itís possible to grow a selection of home remedies in a couple of pots placed in a sunny spot. 

Thyme
Plant in dry, light soil. Needs sun.
A powerful antioxidant as well as an antiseptic. Drink a tea made from lemon thyme to treat colds before bed. Warning: Donít use thyme when pregnant.

Aloe Vera
Plant in full sunshine. Water well.
Break open the thick leaves and apply the gel that seeps out to your skin to soothe sunburn. ďItís 96 percent water and 4 percent active ingredients, including amino acids and enzymes that nourish damaged skin,Ē says pharmacist Margo Marrone, founder of The Organic Pharmacy in the United Kingdom.

Basil
This sweet, fragrant annual is ideal for growing in pots, or in the ground. Pull off the white flowers as soon as they appear to keep it from going to seed and your herbs from tasting bitter.
Rub crushed leaves on your temples to relieve headaches. Pour boiling water over basil leaves for a pain-relieving footbath. Basil makes wonderful pesto mixed with olive oil, pine nuts, garlic, cheese and salt.

Lavender
This sun-loving plant needs good drainage. Use a small pot filled with gravel and a light soil.  Bermuda's sandy soil is ideal.
It has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. Crush a handful of the heads and add to a bowl of boiling water to use as a steam bath for your face. You can also dab the oil from the flowers on blemishes.  Very effective for headaches.

Lemon Balm
Pot it, or it will colonize your garden.
Use for healing and preventing cold sores. Also, rub leaves directly onto skin as a natural insect repellent or to soothe bites.  Makes a pleasant tea.

Mint
Use a sunken pot, because it grows vigorously.
Ideal for treating the collywobbles, which you might know as butterflies in the stomach. Sip tea made with fresh peppermint leaves to soothe stomach cramps, nausea, and flatulence. For a natural decongestant, place a fistful of mint leaves in a shallow bowl and cover with boiling water. Lean over it, drape a towel over your head, and breathe the steam.

Parsley
Grows freely in Bermuda.  Just scatter the seeds.  Also can thrives in a pot as long as the soil is kept moist. Feed with organic fertiliser. Immune-system booster. Eat one tablespoon of chopped flatleaf or curly parsley daily. Chewing parsley neutralizes mouth odors.

Rosemary
This
hardy perennial loves basking in sunshine.
Tea made from a thumb-sized piece has been known to lift spirits in people suffering from seasonal affective disorder (SAD) and hangovers. Infuse warm red wine with rosemary, cinnamon, and cloves to soothe winter colds.

Sage
Needs full sun and a dry sandy soil. Sage means ďto be in good health.Ē
Gargle with a broth made from a quarter-cup of leaves (and cooled) to relieve sore throat.


     
Jasmine & Frangipani

For those sultry, hot humid days and nights that define summer in Bermuda, below is a list of plants that will fill the air with fragrance.  Why not plant a fragrant garden to delight the olefactory senses?

Angels Trumpet
Clematis
Frangipani
Gardenia
Honeysuckle
Jasmine
Lady of the Night
Lavender
Night Blooming Cereus
Natal Plum
Nicotiana
Passion Flower
Spider Lily
Stephanotis


Passion Flower


Think you can't grow hydrangeas in Bermuda? Just look at these beautiful plants belonging to one of our Garden Club members.

 


 

Bermuda Vegetable Planting Guide
courtesy of the Department of Conservation Services
Please visit their website: www.conservation.bm

January
Beans, Beets, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrots, Cassava, Cauliflower, Celery, Chard, Christophine,  Kale, Leeks, Lettuce, Mustard Greens, Potatoes, Radish, Rutabaga, Spinach, Squash, Tomato, Turnip.

February
Beans, Beets, Broccoli, Cabbage,  Carrots, Cassava, Cauliflower, Celery, Chard, Christophine, Corn, Cucumber, Kale, Leeks, Lettuce, Mustard Greens, Potatoes, Pumpkin, Radish, Rutabaga, Spinach, Squash,  Sweet Potato, Tomato, Turnip.

March
Beans, Beets, Broccoli, Cabbage, Carrots, Cassava, Cauliflower, Chard, Christophine, Collards, Corn, Cucumber, Eggplant, Kale, Leeks, Lettuce, Muskmelon (Cantaloupe), Mustard Greens, Okra, Pepper,  Potatoes, Pumpkin, Radish, Rutabaga, Squash,  Sweet Potato, Spinach, Tomato, Turnip, Watermelon.

April
Beans, Beets, Broccoli, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Chard, Christophine, Collards, Corn, Cucumber, Eggplant, Kale, Muskmelon (Cantaloupe), Okra, Pepper,  Pumpkin, Radish, Rutabaga, Spinach, Squash, Sweet Potato, Tomato, Turnip, Watermelon.

May
Beans, Cucumber, Okra, Pumpkin, Radish, Squash, Sweet Potato, Tomato.

June
Beans, Cucumber, Squash, Tomato.

July
Beans, Carrots, Tomato.

August
Beans, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrots, Kale, Leeks, Mustard Greens, Pepper, Radish, Rutabaga, Tomato.

September
Beans, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery, Chard, Cucumber, Eggplant,  Kale,  Leeks, Mustard Greens, Parsley, Pepper, Potatoes, Radish, Rutabaga, Tomato, Turnip.

October
Beans, Beets, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery, Chard, Chives, Cucumber, Eggplant, Endive, Kale,  Leeks, Lettuce, Mustard Greens, Onion, Parsley, Pepper, Potatoes, Radish, Rutabaga, Spinach, Squash, Strawberry, Thyme, Tomato, Turnip.

November
Beans, Beets, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery, Chard, Chives,  Kale,  Leeks, Lettuce, Mustard Greens, Onion, Parsley, Potatoes, Radish, Rutabaga, Spinach, Squash, Strawberry, Thyme, Tomato, Turnip.

December
Beans, Beets, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery, Chard, Chives, Kale, Leeks, Lettuce, Mustard Greens, Onions, Potatoes, Radish, Rutabaga, Spinach, Squash, Strawberry, Tomato, Turnip.

 

 

Bermuda Flower Planting Guide

January
Agratum, antirrhinum, aster, aubrieta, begonia, bells of ireland, candytuft,carnation, centaurea, chrysanthemum, cinerariam, dahlia, dianthus, geranium, gerbera, gypsophila, impatiens, larkspur, lathyrus, nasturtium, nicotiana, pansy, petunia, phlox, rudbeckia, salpiglossis, salvia, statice, snow-on-the-mountain, spider flower/cleome, star-of-the-veldt, stock, sweet william, verbena and viola. 

February
Acrolinium, ageratum, alyssum, antirrhinum, aster, aubrieta, baby blue eyes, bachelorís buttons, birdís eyes, blanket flower, begonia, bells of ireland,calendula, candytuft, carnation, centaurea, chrysanthemum, cineraria,coreopsis, dahlia, africa daisy, dianthus, forget-me-not, geranium, gerbera,globe amaranth, globe gilia, godetia, gypsophila, hollyhock, impatiens,larkspur, lathyrus, marigold (African), marigold (French), nasturatium, nicotiana, pansy, petunia, phlox, phlox (annual), red tassel flower, rose everlasting, rudbeckia, salpiglossis, salvia, scabiosa, statice, snow-on-the-mountain, spider flower (cleome), star-of-the-veldt, stock, sweet pea, sweet william, verbena and viola

March/April
Acrolinium, ageratum, alyssum, antirrhinum, aster, aubrietia, baby blue eyes, bachelorís buttons, birdís eyes, blanket flower, begonia, bells of Ireland, calendula, candytuft, carnation, centaurea, chrysanthemum, cineraria, coreopsis, dahlia, African daisy, dianthus, forget-me-not, geranium, gerbera, globe amaranth, globe gilia, godeita, gypsophila, hollyhock, impatiens, larkspur, lathyrus, marigold (African), marigold (French), nasturtium, nicotiana, pansy, petunia, phlox, phlox (annual), red tassel flower,rose everlasting, rudbeckia, salipiglossis, salvia, scabiosa, statice, snow-on-the-mountain, spider flower (cleome), star-of-the-veldt, stock, sweet pea,sweet William, verbena and viola.

May
Amaranthus, balsam, calendula, celosia, coreopsis, cosmos, gaillardia, gazania, globe amaranth, hollyhock, marigold, portulaca, rudbeckia, vinca and zinnia 

June
Amaranthus, balsam, calendula, celosia, coreopsis, cosmos, gaillardia, gazania, globe amaranth, hollyhock, marigold, portulaca, rudbeckia, vinca and zinnia 

July
Celosia, cosmos, gazania, globe amaranth, impatiens, marigold, salvia, snow-on-the-mountain, vinca and zinnia 

August
Celosia, cosmos, gazania, globe amaranth, impatiens, marigold, salvia, snow-on-the-mountain, vinca and zinnia 

September
Celosia, cosmos, gazania, globe amaranth, impatiens, marigold, salvia, snow-on-the-mountain, vinca and zinnia. 

October
Ageratum, antirrhinum, aster, aubrieta, begonia, bells of Ireland, candy-tuft, carnation, centaurea, chrysanthemum, cineraria, dahlia, dianthus, geranium, gerbera, gypsophila, impatiens, larkspur, lathyrus, nasturtium, nicotiana, pansy, petunia, phlox, rudbeckia, salipiglossis, salvia, statice, snow-on-the-mountain, spider flower/cleome, star-of-the-veldt, stock, sweet William, verbena and viola.  

November
Ageratum, antirrhinum (snapdragon), aster, aubrieta, begonia, bells of Ireland, candytuft, carnation, centuarea, chrysanthemum, cineraria, dahlia,dianthus, geranium, gerbera, gypsophila, impatiens, larkspur, lathyrus, nasturtium, nicotiana, pansy, petunia, phlox, rudbeckia, salipiglossis, salvia, statice, snow-on-the-mountain, spider flower/cleome, star-of-the-veldt, stock, sweet William, verbena and viola 

December
Ageratum, antirrhinum (snapdragon), aster, aubrieta, begonia, bells of ireland, candytuft, carnation, centaurea, chrysanthemum, cineraria, dahlia,dianthus, geranium, gerbera, gypsophila, impatiens, larkspur, lathyrus, nasturtium, nicotiana, pansy, petunia, phlox, rudbeckia, salpiglossis, salvia, statice, snow-on-the-mountain, spider flower/cleome, star-of-the-veldt, stock, sweet william, verbena and viola.

 

       For helpful information on Bermuda's plants and flowers visit the Envirotalk series on www.gov.bm, Ministry of Environment, Planning & Infrastructure Strategy

Companion Planting

In the following listing, companions refer to those vegetables that, when planted together, are mutually beneficial. Allies are the herbs and flowers that provide protection or improve the growth of certain vegetables. Enemies are other vegetables, herbs and flowers that can cause detrimental effects when planted near certain vegetables.

This listing explains in detail the exact effects of the allies and enemies, and names the companions.

ASPARAGUS

Companions: Basil, parsley, tomato.

 

Ally: Pot marigold deters beetles.

BEANS

Companions: Beet (to bush beans only), cabbage family, carrot, celery, chard, corn, cucumber, eggplant, pea, potatoes, radish, strawberry.

Enemies: Garlic, onion and shallot stunt the growth of beans.

 

Allies: Marigold deters Mexican bean beetles.
Nasturtium and rosemary deter bean beetles.
Summer savory deters bean beetles, improves growth and flavor.

BEETS

Companions: Bush beans, cabbage family, lettuce, onion

Ally: Garlic improves growth and flavor.

 

Enemies: Pole beans and beets stunt each other's growth.

CABBAGE FAMILY
(Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, Chinese cabbage, kale and kohlrabi)

Companions: Beet, celery, chard, cucumber, lettuce, onion, potato, spinach.

Allies: Chamomile and garlic improve growth and flavor.
Catnip, hyssop, rosemary and sage deter cabbage moth.
Dill improves growth and health.
Mint deters cabbage moth and ants, improves health and flavor.

 

Nasturtium deters bugs, beetles, aphids.
Southernwood deters cabbage moth, improves growth and flavor.
Tansy deters cabbageworm and cutworm.
Thyme deters cabbageworm.

Enemies: Kohlrabi and tomato stunt each other's growth.

CARROTS

Companions: Bean, lettuce, onion, pea, pepper, radish, tomato

 

Allies: Chives improve growth and flavor.
Rosemary and sage deter carrot fly.

Enemy: Dill retards growth.

CELERY

Companions: Bean, cabbage family and tomato

 

Allies: Chives and garlic deter aphids.
Nasturtium deters bugs and aphids.

CHARD

Companions: Bean, cabbage family and onion

   

CORN

Companions: Bean, cucumber, melon, parsley, pea, potato, pumpkin, squash

Enemies: Tomatoes and corn are attacked by the same worm.

 

Allies: Odorless marigold and white geranium deter Japanese beetles. 
Pigweed raises nutrients from the subsoil to where the corn can reach them.

CUCUMBER

Companions: Bean, cabbage family, corn, pea, radish, tomato

Enemy: Sage is generally injurious to cucumber.

 

Allies: Marigold deters beetles.
Nasturtium deters aphids, beetles and bugs, improves growth and flavor.
Oregano deters pests in general.
Tansy deters ants, beetles, bugs, flying insects.

EGGPLANT

Companions: Bean, pepper

 

Allies: Marigold deters nematodes.

LETTUCE

Companions: Beet, cabbage family, carrot, onion, radish, strawberry

 

Allies: Chives and garlic deter aphids.

MELONS

Companions: Corn, pumpkin, radish, squash

 

Allies: Marigold deters beetles.
Nasturtium deters bugs and beetles.
Oregano provides general pest protection

ONlONS

Companions: Beet, cabbage family, carrot, chard, lettuce, pepper, strawberry, tomato

Enemies: Onions stunt bean, pea.

 

Allies: Chamomile and summer savory improve growth and flavor.
Pigweed raises nutrients from subsoil and makes them available to the onions.
Sow thistle improves growth and health.

PARSLEY

Companions: Asparagus, corn, tomato

   

PEAS

Companions: Bean, carrot, corn, cucumber, radish, turnip

 

Allies: Chives deter aphids.
Mint improves health and flavor.

Enemies: Garlic and onion stunt the growth of peas.

PEPPERS

Companions: Carrot, eggplant, onion and tomato

   

POTATOES

Companions: Beans, cabbage family, corn, eggplant, pea

Enemies: Tomatoes and potatoes are attacked by the same blight.

 

Allies: Horseradish, planted at the corners of the potato patch, provides general protection.
Marigold deters beetles.

PUMPKINS

Companions: Corn, melon, squash

 

Allies: Marigold deters beetles.
Nasturtium deters bugs, beetles.
Oregano provides general pest protection.

RADISHES

Companions: Bean, carrot, cucumber, lettuce, melon, pea

 

Allies: Chervil and nasturtium improve growth and flavor.

Enemy: Hyssop

SPINACH

Companions: Cabbage family, strawberry

   

SQUASH

Companions: Corn, melon, pumpkin

Allies: Borage deters worms, improves growth and flavor.

 

Marigold deters beetles.
Nasturtium deters squash bugs and beetles.
Oregano provides general pest protection.

STRAWBERRY

Companions: Bean, lettuce, onion, spinach, thyme

Enemy: Cabbage

 

Allies: Borage strengthens resistance to insects and disease.
Thyme, as a border, deters worms.

TOMATOES

Companions: Asparagus, carrot, celery, cucumber, onion, parsley, pepper

Enemies: Corn and tomato are attacked by the same worm.
Mature dill retards tomato growth.
Kohlrabi stunts tomato growth.
Potatoes and tomatoes are attacked by the same blight.

 

Allies: Basil repels flies and mosquitoes, improves growth and flavor.
Bee balm, chives and mint improve health and flavor.
Borage deters tomato worm, improves growth and flavor.
Dill, until mature, improves growth and health. Once mature, it stunts tomato growth.
Marigold deters nematodes.
Pot marigold deters tomato worm and general garden pests,

TURNIPS

Companion: Pea

   


With thanks to Cass County Extension

Todd Weinmann, Extension Horticulturist & Master Gardener Coordinator

Phone: (701) 241-5707

E-mail: todd.weinmann@ndsu.edu

 


And last but not least, a wonderful website for identifying plants: www.plantipedia.com